Manufacturer: Victory Lighting UK
Model: 60W Carbon Heater
Application: Specialist.  Heating.
Wattage: 60W (56W measured value)
Diameter (max): 55mm
Length: 100mm
Tube Length: N/A
Bulb/Tube material: Glass - Clear finish
Colour Temperature: Unknown
Peak output wavelength: N/A - Broadband Emission
Total light output: Unknown
Rated lifetime: 800 Hours
Cap: B22
Operating voltage: 230V AC
Operating current: 240mA
Warmup/restrike time: N/A
Cost (original): Unknown
Value (now): Unknown
Place of manufacture: Wembley, England
Date of manufacture: 9th October 2002
Lamp Status: Working
Notes: Carbon filament lamps have long since disappeared as far as general lighting is concerned due to the fact that the filament temperature has to be kept low due to the high sublimation rate of carbon at higher temperatures - which would lead to rapid bulb blackening and filament failure.  As a result of this low filament temperature, the output of visible light is horrendously efficient - but it does throw out a huge amount of infrared radiation.

This means that carbon filament lamps are still a viable option for heating purposes - especially as carbon filaments are extremely "springy" making them far more durable than metallic types where large amounts of vibration may be encountered.  It is worth mentioning that the filament in this particular lamp is very well formed, and quite an interesting thing to look at in its own right.

The actual light output from this lamp is pathetic - roughly equivalent to a 10W nightlight - but it gives out a HUGE amount of heat, which is a good thing, as that's precisely what it was designed to do.

The slightly brownish colour of the glass is due to the gettering process used in this lamp.  The slightly brownish colour is due to a coating of a mixture of yellow phosphorous and phosphorous-pentanitrile on the inner surface of the lamp.  This getter technology is fundamentally the same as used for the majority of modern incandescent lamps, just that in the case of carbon lamps using this type of getter is has to be present in larger amounts due to problems with arcing otherwise occurring between the leadwires during the first few hours of lamp life.  This greater concentration of the getter materials is why it is more visible in this lamp than many others.

Many thanks to James Hooker for providing me with a great deal of the data on this lamp - and ALL the information on the getter chemistry!

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This lamp's entry on the Virtual Display Shelf Updated at: 00:52 on Monday September 26th 2005.